What Are The 3 Types Of Guitars? A Comprehensive Guide

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The three types of guitars are: acoustic, electric, and classical. Each type has its own unique sound and playing style, so it’s important to choose the right one based on your preferences and goals. This article covers the pros and cons of each type of guitar, and things you should consider before buying your first guitar.

What Are The Three Types Of Guitars

Types Of Guitars

The guitar that is right for you is largely dependent on your music taste, goals, and playing style.

There are many different types of musicians and players, so everyone will have different needs when it comes to choosing their instrument. Let’s go over the basics of how acoustic, electric, and classical guitars differ from one another.

Acoustic Guitars

Acoustic guitars are one of the most popular types of guitars and are often the first choice for beginners. They produce sound through the vibration of the strings, which is amplified by the hollow body of the guitar.

Steel-string acoustic guitars produce a bright and loud sound. They are commonly used in folk, country, and rock music. Dreadnought is the most common body shape for steel-string acoustic guitars and is often used by popular brands such as Martin Guitars.

Acoustic guitars can also come with additional features such as an onboard tuner, which allows you to tune your guitar without the need for an external device. Some acoustic guitars may also be made of different types of wood such as mahogany, which produces a warm and rich sound.

Overall, acoustic guitars are a great choice for beginners and experienced players alike. They are versatile and can be used in a variety of musical genres.

acoustic guitar

Electric Guitars

Electric guitars are a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of the strings into an electrical signal. This signal is then sent to an amplifier, which amplifies the sound and projects it through speakers. Electric guitars are typically used in genres such as rock, metal, and blues, but they can be used in any genre.

The most common type of electric guitar is the solid body electric guitar. This type of guitar is made from a solid piece of wood and has no sound holes, which gives it a unique sound. Some of the most popular solid body electric guitars include the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul.

One of the advantages of electric guitars is the ability to manipulate the sound using pedals and effects. Pedals can be used to add distortion, delay, reverb, and other effects to the sound, which can create a unique sound. There are many different types of pedals available, and they can be used in combination to create complex sounds.

Another advantage of electric guitars is the ability to amplify the sound. Amplifiers can be used to increase the volume of the sound, which is necessary when playing in a band or performing live. Amplifiers also have tone controls, which can be used to adjust the sound to your liking.

electric guitar

Classical Guitars

Classical guitars, also known as Spanish guitars, are a type of acoustic guitar with nylon strings. They are commonly used in classical music and other genres that require a softer, more mellow sound. The use of nylon strings gives the classical guitar a distinctive sound that is different from steel-string acoustic guitars.

Classical guitars have a wide fretboard and a flat fingerboard, which makes them ideal for fingerpicking. They are also known for having a smaller body size compared to other acoustic guitars, which makes them comfortable to play for extended periods. The top of the guitar is typically made of cedar or spruce, while the sides and back are made of rosewood or mahogany.

The history of the classical guitar can be traced back to the Renaissance period, where it was known as the vihuela. It was later developed into the baroque guitar, which had five courses of strings instead of the modern six. The modern classical guitar was developed in the 19th century by Spanish luthier Antonio Torres Jurado, who refined the design and established the standard dimensions for the instrument.

Classical guitars are often used in flamenco music, a style of music and dance originating from Andalusia, Spain. The flamenco guitar is a variation of the classical guitar that is designed for the specific demands of flamenco music. It has a brighter sound and a thinner top to produce a more percussive sound.

The most famous classical guitarist of all time is Andrés Segovia, who is credited with popularizing the classical guitar and making it a respected instrument in the world of classical music. Segovia’s contributions to the classical guitar include developing new techniques and arrangements for the instrument, as well as commissioning new works from contemporary composers.

What are the 3 Types Of Guitars

Specific Guitar Models

When it comes to specific guitar models, there are countless options to choose from. However, there are a few models that have become iconic in the industry and are worth mentioning.

When choosing a guitar, it’s important to consider your playing style, skill level, and budget. With so many options to choose from, you’re sure to find a guitar that meets your needs and helps you achieve your musical goals. These are just a few examples of the many guitar models available on the market.

Fender Stratocaster

The Fender Stratocaster is one of the most recognizable electric guitars in the world. It was first introduced in 1954 and has since been used by countless musicians in a wide range of genres. The Stratocaster is known for its sleek design, versatile sound, and comfortable playability.

Gibson Les Paul

The Gibson Les Paul is another iconic electric guitar that has been used by some of the biggest names in rock history. It was first introduced in 1952 and is known for its thick, warm tone and sustain. The Les Paul has a solid body design and is often used for heavier styles of music.


Ovation guitars are known for their unique design, which includes a rounded, bowl-shaped back. This design allows for a more resonant sound and makes the guitar easier to hold and play. Ovation guitars are often used in acoustic and folk music.


Yamaha is a well-known brand in the guitar industry and offers a wide range of models for both beginners and professionals. Their guitars are known for their high-quality craftsmanship and versatile sound.


Taylor guitars are known for their bright, clear tone and are often used in country and folk music. They are made with high-quality materials and are designed to be easy to play.

guitar types

Guitars and Music Genres

The type of guitar you choose will depend on the genre of music you want to play. Whether you prefer jazz, rock, pop, folk, country, blues, bluegrass, or flamenco, there is a guitar that can help you achieve the sound you are looking for.


If you are interested in jazz, you might want to consider playing a hollow-body electric guitar. This type of guitar has a warm, full sound that is well-suited for jazz music. Some popular jazz guitarists include Wes Montgomery, Joe Pass, and Pat Metheny.


Rock music, on the other hand, is often associated with solid-body electric guitars. These guitars have a more aggressive sound that is perfect for power chords and distortion. Some famous rock guitarists include Jimi Hendrix, Eddie Van Halen, and Slash.


Pop music often features acoustic guitars, which have a bright, clear sound that can cut through a mix. Acoustic guitars are also great for fingerpicking and strumming. Some popular pop guitarists include Ed Sheeran, Taylor Swift, and John Mayer.


Folk music is another genre that often features acoustic guitars. However, folk guitarists often use fingerpicking techniques and alternate tunings to create a unique sound. Some famous folk guitarists include Bob Dylan, Joni Mitchell, and Nick Drake.


Country music is often associated with acoustic and electric guitars. Acoustic guitars are used for ballads and slower songs, while electric guitars are used for upbeat, twangy tunes. Some famous country guitarists include Chet Atkins, Brad Paisley, and Keith Urban.


Blues music is often played on electric guitars, particularly those with single-coil pickups. These guitars have a bright, biting sound that is perfect for blues licks and solos. Some famous blues guitarists include B.B. King, Stevie Ray Vaughan, and Eric Clapton.

Related: Is Acoustic Guitar Harder Than Electric?


Bluegrass music is often played on acoustic guitars, particularly those with a dreadnought shape. These guitars have a loud, punchy sound that can cut through a mix. Some famous bluegrass guitarists include Tony Rice, Doc Watson, and Bryan Sutton.

Related: How Do Guitar Pedals Work?


Finally, flamenco music is often played on nylon-string acoustic guitars. These guitars have a bright, percussive sound that is perfect for flamenco rhythms and melodies. Some famous flamenco guitarists include Paco de Lucia, Vicente Amigo, and Tomatito.

types of guitars

Choosing a Guitar for Beginners

Choosing your first guitar can be an exciting but daunting task. With so many options available, it’s important to find the right fit for your playing style and budget. Here are a few things to consider when choosing a guitar for beginners…

Related: Do Electric Guitars Need Amplifiers?

Acoustic vs. Electric

The first decision you’ll need to make is whether to go with an acoustic or electric guitar. Acoustic guitars are generally recommended for beginners because they are more affordable, portable, and easier to learn on. They also don’t require an amplifier, which can be an added expense.

Electric guitars, on the other hand, offer a wider range of sounds and effects, making them popular among players who prefer rock, metal, or blues styles. They also tend to be more expensive and require additional equipment, such as an amplifier and cables.

Related: What Is A Song Structure?

Playing Style

Your playing style will also play a role in determining which type of guitar is right for you. If you’re interested in fingerpicking or playing folk music, an acoustic guitar with a wider neck and lighter strings may be a better choice. If you prefer playing lead guitar or using effects, an electric guitar with a thinner neck and heavier strings may be more suitable.

Related: Benefits Of Playing Guitar On The Brain


Finally, it’s important to consider your budget when choosing a guitar for beginners. Acoustic guitars can range from a few hundred dollars to several thousand, depending on the brand and materials used. Electric guitars and their accompanying equipment can be even more expensive. However, there are plenty of affordable options available that still offer great sound quality and playability.

Ultimately, the most important thing is to choose a guitar that feels comfortable and inspires you to keep playing. Don’t be afraid to try out a few different models before making a decision. With a little research and patience, you’re sure to find the perfect guitar to help you begin your musical journey.

Related: How Much Guitar Practice Do You Need A Day?

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